Our Best To You
                                                       Revised June 1998

The purpose of this collection of abstracted Extension publications is to provide the reader access to
bulletins and short pieces on a variety of topics that address community development, leadership
development, and economic development issues. The team that compiled this product in 1995 believed that the included publications and essays were some of the best available materials written by Extension professionals in the United States. Thus, we chose the title, OUR BEST TO YOU.

Compiled by David L. Darling (team leader), Mark Peterson, Rick Smith, Greg Tillson, and Del Yoder.  Web site was revised by Bob Archer.

This project was supported with a grant from the North Central Regional Center For Rural
Development at Iowa State University in Ames.

For more information please contact David L. Darling at Kansas Sate University.
E-mail address is ddarling@agecon.ksu.edu
Office Phone: (785)532-1512 or FAX 532-6925
Department of Agricultural Economics, Waters Hall, KSU, Manhattan, KS 66506-4026



OUTLINE of The document

Section One: Personal and Interpersonal Skills (18 Documents)

Section Two: Group Process (17 Documents)

Section Three: Organizational Development and Effectiveness (6 Documents)

Section Four: General Community Development (37 Documents)

Section Five: Multi-Community Collaboration (6 Documents)

Section Six: Public Policy and Local Government (10 Documents)

Section Seven: Volunteerism and Teaching Adults (8 Documents)

                                    Some Potential Sources For Publications



Section One: Personal and Interpersonal Skills (18 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of
Pages. Format.

ADVICE Series. Synopses follow. University of California Extension. James Grieshop.
Newsletter.

Dilemmas of Leadership. Discusses difference between autocratic (leader centered) and abdicratic (group centered) styles placed on a continuum model. Suggests factors to examine to determine where on the continuum the reader should strive to be. 12/83. 2p.

How Well Do You Listen? A self-quiz. 2/91. 2p.

Ten Keys to Effective Listening. Lists ten keys to effective listening followed by examples of a good listener vs. a bad listener. 2/91. 1p.

As You Lead . . .Leadership and the Art of Creative Conflict. Lauds the benefits of conflict as a Legitimate outcome of reasonable people differing. Discusses strategies for managing conflict and guidelines for creative differing. University of Wisconsin Extension. Robert Bright. 6/90. 2p. Newsletter.

Building Human Capital. Human capital is defined as an individual's collection of human resources, including personal abilities, knowledge, skills, time, and energy. Encourages assessment and development of human capital for maximal individual, family, or business productivity. Kansas State University Extension. Doris "Katey" Walker. 12/84. 4p. Pamphlet.

Choosing Leadership Styles. Overview of leadership styles (autocratic vs. democratic continuum, task/maintenance grid), leadership roles (cavalier, martyr, abdicator, controller, activator), and factors influencing appropriate leadership styles (leader personality, group maturity, time available, power given to leader). Montana State U. Extension. Dave Sharpe. 10/90. 4p. Pamphlet.

Designing Youth Leadership Training Programs. Defines "leader" and "leadership" from youth standpoint. Examines points to consider in developing effective leadership training programs for youth. Outlines specific steps for developing such a program. Kansas State University Extension. Diane McNeill. 8/95. 4p. Pamphlet.

Effective Communication. Outlines a communication model (sender, message, filter, channels, receiver, feedback), barriers to effective communication, and skills to overcome barriers. Montana
State University Extension. Dave Sharpe. 5/91. 8p. Booklet.

Effective Leaders. Bisects group leadership function into task performance and group maintenance roles. Lists and defines seven principles of effective leadership. Mississippi State U. Extension. C. R. Sollie. 5/79. 5p. Booklet.

Effective Leadership. Explains how an effective leader must understand (1) what leadership is, (2) the qualities a person needs to be an effective leader, (3) the problem-solving process, and (4) how effective leadership may influence decisions using the problem-solving process. University of Georgia Extension. Richard Rohs. 2/91. 4p. Pamphlet

Leadership Development Within Groups series. Synopses follow. North Dakota State University Extension. Marilyn Lesmeister. 9/92. Pamphlets.

Communicating Effectively. "Communication consists of two basic skills: listening and feedback." Offers many suggestions on how to develop listening and feedback skills. 8p.

Coping With Criticism. Delineates destructive and constructive criticism and offers three ways to deal with criticism: (1) distracting - for false criticism, (2) admitting the truth - for valid criticism, (3) requesting specific feedback - for valid/vague criticism. 6p.

Developing Trust and Cooperation. Points out how (1) feelings are fact, (2) communication develops trust, and (3) the physical and social climate affect group trust. Suggests get-acquainted activities to develop trust within a group. 4p.

Managing Conflict. Discusses importance of leaders learning to manage conflict. Describes five basic ways to deal with conflict (Avoidance, Accommodation, Compromise, Competition, Collaboration) and suggests creative ways to manage conflict. 7p.

Mentoring in the 90's and Beyond. Provides a brief history of mentoring, followed by a detailed outline of virtually all components of a mentor/mentee program including recruitment, target marketing audiences, personal characteristics of successful mentors/mentees, job descriptions, recognition, and training and orientation. University of Minnesota Extension. Sheryl Nefstead & Scott Nefstead. 8/94. 4p. Pamphlet.

Motivating Yourself . . . and Your Volunteers. Offers suggestions on showing recognition and appreciation, defining goals, time management, managing conflict, and communicating bilaterally with co-workers/volunteers. Stresses the importance of one-to-one, face-to-face contact. Includes a personal action plan worksheet. Kansas State University Extension. Doris "Katey" Walker. 2/91. 4p. Pamphlet.

Teaching Guide for previous document. Outlines specific activities and exercises designed to educate volunteer leaders on how to motivate themselves and their volunteers. 4p.

Positive Leadership for Dealing with Limited Resources. Discusses reactive vs. proactive approaches of leaders to "recognize societal transition and reorient their leadership style to be more appropriate for the emerging society." Includes extensive discussion guides. Cornell University Extension. Glenn J. Applebee & Michael W. Duttweiler. 8/91. 10p. Discussion paper.



Section Two: Group Process (17 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of
Pages. Format.

ADVICE Series. Synopses follow. University of California Extension. James Grieshop. Newsletter.

Brainstorming. Lauds the effectiveness/usefulness of brainstorming as a technique by which groups can gather information. Lists specific steps to take to conduct an effective brainstorming session. 3/92. 2p.

Conceptual Blockbusting. As professional problem solvers, Extension educators employ traditional scientific, analytic, and verbalization skills to solve a problems. Conceptualization (defined as "thinking about problems, having ideas, and looking for solutions") may succeed where traditional problem-solving skills may fail. Describes four types of blocks to conceptualization (1. Intellectual and Expressive, 2. Emotional, 3. Cultural and Environmental, 4. Perceptual). 4/81. 4p.

Conditions for an Effective Team. Identifies four elements basic to any team (Reilly and Jones, 1974) as: (1) purpose, (2) interdependence, (3) commitment, and (4) accountability. Explores each element. 2/91. 2p.

Conducting Productive and Creative Meetings. Fifteen specific suggestions on improving meetings. 1/92. 1p.

Group Roles. Describes the three dimensions of group activity as Task, Maintenance, and Individual Needs. Suggests activities for the leader and members to perform to cater to all three dimensions. 4/89. 2p.

If You Can't Agree On the Problem, You Probably Won't Agree On the Solution. "Experience' and research have shown that the quality of a group decision on solving a problem tends to increase with the quality of the problem identification phase."Lists specific activities which aid groups in more accurately identifying and perceiving problems. 9/80. 4p.

On Working With Groups. A resource management counselor will serve as: (1) Organizer; (2) Discussion Leader; (3) Teacher; (4) Counselor. Provides suggestions to assist in each of these roles. Also provides suggestions to assist people in changing their behaviors. 8/85. 2p.

What To Observe In a Group. In any group, we should observe: (1) Content vs. Process; (2) Communications; (3) Decision Making Procedures. Lists seven group decision-making methods. 4/89. 2p.

As You Lead . . . Brushing Up On Group Dynamics. A quick but broad overview of factors affecting group dynamics. University of Wisconsin Extension. Sara Steele. 12/90. 2p. Newsletter.

Building Positive Support Groups. Describes how to structure and develop a positive support group to help address some of the unmet needs and rapid changes that are affecting rural people and their communities. Includes an individual/group evaluation work sheet and lists six ground rules for support groups. Kansas State University Extension. Kathryn Beckham. 6/87. 8p. Pamphlet.

Group Communication. "We consider groups so important that the average person will spend one year of his or her life in group meetings!" Describes the factors influencing group communication as (1) group size, (2) physical arrangements, (3) communication networks, (4) psychological factors, and (5) non-verbal communication. Then explains that group leaders and members are responsible for attending to each of these factors. Montana State University Extension. Dave Sharpe. 5/91. 8p.
Booklet.

Improving Decision-Making Skills. Describes a nine-stage decision-making process. Also explores relationships among decisions and gives suggestions for improving decision-making skills. Kansas State University Extension. Doris AKatey@ Walker. 6/87. 4p. Pamphlet.

Leadership series. Synopses follow. Mississippi State University Extension. No author given. 6/90.

Better Business Meetings. Provides tips on conducting efficient meetings, including (1) preparation, (2) laying the ground rules, (3) use of visuals, (4) summaries, and (5) specific tips for leaders. 2p.

Committees. Provides background on purposes, types, and advantages of committees. Offers tips on selecting committee members and chairperson. Includes a committee organization worksheet. 3p.

Leadership Development Within Groups: Leadership for Effective Groups. Discusses group personality, group uniqueness, group development (Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing), leadership roles within groups (task roles, maintenance roles, individual roles), and the necessity of leadership to groups. North Dakota State U. Extension. Marilyn Lesmeister. 9/92. 7p. Pamphlet.

Planning Meeting Agendas. A carefully planned agenda helps prevent common meeting problems and improve meeting efficiency and member communication. Describes five steps for planning meeting agendas. Includes an agenda planning sheet and a sample meeting agenda. Montana State University Extension. Dave Sharpe. 12/84. 3p. Pamphlet.

Setting Group Goals. Stresses importance of group goal setting. Discusses brainstorming, Delbecq's nominal group technique, and force field analysis as powerful goal-setting activities. Provides suggestions for setting and following through with group goals. Montana State University Extension.
Dave Sharpe. 3/84. 3p. Pamphlet.



Section Three: Organizational Development and Effectiveness (6 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of Pages. Format.

Advice . . . Building Productive Teams: An Inventory. A twenty-eight question self-survey designed to "help you learn more about the way your organization functions as a team." Score sheet included. University of California Extension. James I. Grieshop. 2/91. 3p. Newsletter.

Building Effective Advisory Committees. Lists what an advisory committee can and cannot do for the Extension Organization. Discusses who should be involved, how to recruit them, and the stages of organizing and charging the advisory committee. University of Georgia Extension. Richard Rohs. 11/92. 6p. Pamphlet.

Creativity and Innovation in Organization. Provides ideas on how to stimulate more creative/innovative involvement of employees/volunteers in American business, community organizations, and local government units and service agencies. Examines factors inhibiting or supporting innovation. Includes a worksheet for analyzing an organization's use of innovative practices. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Lorna M. Miller. (at least 1988). 10p.

A Guide for Understanding Attitude and Attitude Change. "The major purposes of this publication are to (1) define an attitude change model for understanding attitudes, (2) suggest several strategies which can be used to influence attitudes, (3) discuss how best to communicate with the target audience, and (4) discuss several criteria to consider in selecting an appropriate strategy for influencing attitudes." North Central Regional Extension. Robert B. Schafer & John L. Tait. 8/86. 10p. Pamphlet.

Importance of Organizational Culture. Discusses the importance of organizational culture and divides it into formal components (content, cultural forms, and cultural strategies) and informal components (attitudes and feelings, patterns of interaction, and group norms). University of Wisconsin Extension. Harriet Moyer. 2/90. 2p. Pamphlet.

Motivating Member Participation. Describes briefly research on numerous factors that motivate group member participation. Suggests that, in order to increase the amount of participation in their groups, group leaders should (1) understand these factors, (2) plan activities to provide satisfaction of member needs, (3) conduct group meetings to encourage participation of all members, and (4) set
and accomplish reasonable goals. Montana State University Extension. No author listed. 8/87. 10p.
Booklet.



Section Four: General Community Development (37 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of
Pages. Format.

Advice Series. Synopses follow. University of California Extension. James I. Grieshop. Newsletter.

Strategies of Planned Social Change (Including Health and Safety Behaviors on Farms). Briefly describes eight categories of strategies available for use by change agents. Not dated. 1p.

Tell a Friend: A Brief on Social Marketing. "Good extension education is both good marketing and good social marketing--rightly understood." Marketing activities differ from sales activities by the emphasis placed on the needs of the consumer. Discusses market research, audience segmentation, and Kotler's four P's (product, price, promotion, and place) as elements of social marketing. 11/90. 3p.

Community Action Leadership Development. Defines title explicitly, encompassing seven action values and six principles of CALD. Suggests implementation strategies for CALD. Good document for conceptualizing leadership. Michigan State U. Extension. Several authors. 3/95. 4p. Pamphlet.

A Community Action Process. Posits that a systematic approach to any community action is most likely to lead to success. Explicates a nine-step (non-sequential) model for community action. Montana State University Extension. No author listed. 8/87. 8p. Booklet.

Community Involvement. Lauds the involvement of local people in the community planning process . Examines advantages and disadvantages of eleven involvement methods: (1) Task Force, (2) Ombudsman, (3) Advocacy Planning, (4) Formal Hearing, (5) Unobtrusive Measures, (6) Brainstorming, (7) Community Forum, (8) Content Analysis, (9) Nominal Groups, (10) Surveys, (11) Advisory Committee. University of Georgia Extension. Richard Rohs. 2/91. 8p. Pamphlet.

Coping With Growth Series. Synopses follow. Western Rural Development Center. Pamphlets.

Assessing Fiscal Impact of Rural Growth. "This publication attempts to provide a simple framework that can be used by officials and citizens to assess the effect of a specific development on public sector costs and revenues over time." Fairly technical paper. Includes two worksheets. Theodore R. Siegler & Neil L. Meyer. 3/80. 5p.

Evaluating Fiscal Impact Studies: Community Guidelines. "Fiscal impact analysis is the study of the effect of development (or policy) alternatives on government expenditures and revenues and on taxes." Begins with some possible objectives and uses of fiscal impact analysis and illustrates how fiscal impact studies are commonly done.Offers various implications and five tables. Bruce Weber & George Goldman. ?/82. 5p.

Population Change: Do You Know the Trends in Your Community? "This publication outlines a simple framework for analyzing population changes, along with useful criteria that can be applied when considering management and policy alternatives. Sources of population information are also included." Lorna Michael Butler. 9/80. 7p.

Creating a Successful County-Wide Economic Development Program. Describes in detail a seven-step process to implement said program. Auburn University Extension. V. Wilson Lee. 7/94. 8p. Pamphlet.

Developing Your Local Economy: An Effective Planning Procedure for Rural Texas. Describes in detail a planning procedure (nominal group process) "that helps community leaders an volunteers plan and implement a comprehensive economic development program." Emphasizes the necessity of "writing realistic, workable goals and systematically recognizing the things that help people accomplish their goals and the things that stand in their way." Texas A&M University Extension. Don Stebbins. 5/91. 4p. Pamphlet.

Developing Your Local Economy: An Overview of Alternatives. Discusses four potential sources of community economic growth: (1) locally established manufacturing and processing firms, (2) the retail trade and service sector, (3) retirees, (4) travel and recreation expenditures. Stresses the importance of community assistance. Very Texas-specific as is. Texas A&M University Extension. Don Stebbins. 12/90. 3p. Pamphlet.

Eleven Commonalties of Successful Communities. Descriptive, inclusive, and positively-focused list. University of Alaska Fairbanks Extension. Larry Dickerson. Not dated. 1p. Summary sheet.

Enhancing Kansas Communities Through Tourism. Lauds tourism as an untapped economic resource for rural communities which promises to become more lucrative in the near future. Explains steps to identify areas, market, and educate a community for tourism development. Kansas State University Extension. Kenneth B. Albright. 9/91. 14(short) pages. Booklet.

Goals for Community Revitalization: Identifying Community Goals. An exercise in which individuals identify and write out short-term and long-term community goals in action statements. The group then combines and restructures individual goals into group community goals. Goal-writing guidelines and an exercise are included. University of Nebraska Extension. Paul Gessaman. Not dated. 4p. Handout exercise.

How To Compute, Evaluate and Use the Community Economic Base. Self-explanatory. This specific procedure is "appropriate only for small cities or counties with largely rural economies." University of Missouri-Columbia Extension. Curtis Braschler, John A. Kuehn, John A. Croll. 3/80. 4p. Pamphlet.

Leadership for Healthy Communities series. Synopses follow. Kansas State University Extension. Pamphlets.

Alternative Planning Procedures. "All citizens need to learn simple planning process" to determine how to get things done. The Social Action Process, the Planning Process, and the Strategic Planning Process are three models for planning which all have similarities, and "a good leader will use all three at different times." Process models and a strategy worksheet are included. David L., Jr. & Ensley J. Sisk. 5/95. 4p.

Characteristics of Healthy Communities. Defines a "healthy@ community, examines cycles of community change (graph included), and lists eight resources necessary to build and rebuild healthy communities. Includes a community health evaluation checklist. David L. Darling, Jr. & Gayla Randel. 4/95. 6p. Pamphlet.

Multiplier Analysis for Agriculture and Other Industries. Briefly examines basic concepts of community economics (good visual on p.1) and multiplier effect. Then explicates analyses performed at the state and district level in Oklahoma in 1985. Data are esoteric for Oklahomans. Oklahoma State University Extension. Song, Woods, Doeksen, & Schreiner. Not dated. 8p. Fact Sheet.

Population Change: Know the Trends in Your Community. Academic text examines myriad aspects of population processes and how to compute and use the data. Washington State University Extension. Annabel Kirschner. 10/93. 13p. Pamphlet.

Power Structures, Community Leadership and Social Action. An insightful overview of "community power structures, levels of leadership, and stages in the social action process." Includes models of each power structure. North Central Regional Extension. John B. Mitchell & Sheldon G. Lowry. 9/73 13p. Booklet.

Retention & Expansion Series. Synopses follow. North Central Regional Center for Rural Development. Edited by Judith Gildner. Pamphlets.

Business Visitation Programs: Success Stories. Describes the major types of success or benefits in a retention and expansion business visitation program. Programs such as this help local groups to (1) set priorities that meet the needs of existing firms, (2) improve the attractiveness of the community to new firms, and (3) build the capacity of local groups to implement economic development. George W. Morse, Robert T. McLaughlin, & Ellen W. Hagey. ?/87. 5p.

Early Warning Systems and Adjustment to Plant Closings. Provides a list of local management practices which may indicate a disinvestment decision at the corporate level. Describes four approaches for adjusting to economic dislocation (laissez-faire approach, labor-management directed approach, community-based approach, state and federal government approach). Includes a survey designed to detect early warning signs that a plant may be in trouble. Pamela Ferris. ?/86. 3p.

Retention and Expansion: Starting Retention and Expansion Business Visitation Programs. Lauds the success and effectiveness of the programs. Provides tips on starting a local R & E business visitation team. Includes a conceptual model of industry visitation programs. Iowa State U. Extension. Daniel Otto, Charles Gratto, & Stuart Huntington. 9/86. 5p. Pamphlet.

The Role and Responsibility of the Cooperative Extension Service in Community Development. A historical look (1914-publication) at the role and development of the Cooperative Extension Service as related to the land-grant college and community development. University of Tennessee Extension. M. Gist Welling. Not dated. 3p. Pamphlet.

Setting Community Economic Goals. Separates goals into Major Economic Goals (growth, development, stability, justice, and freedom) and Specific Community Goals (growth, development, stability, justice, and freedom). Includes a strategic planning format and worksheet. Kansas State University Extension. David L. Darling, Jr. 2/88. 4p. Pamphlet.

Small Town Strategy Series. Synopses follow. Western Rural Development Center. Pamphlets.

Basic Grantsmanship. Covers the six basic sources of funds (federal, state, local government, private foundations, corporate donations, and local fundraising). Discusses "matching funds" and "leveraging" aspects of grant writing and includes advice on how to obtain outside help. George H. Gault. 6/82. 5p.

Marketing the Uniqueness of Small Towns. AA small town can strengthen its local economy as a result of business people and concerned citizens collectively identifying that community's special uniqueness and then capitalizing on it." Seven techniques (brainstorming session, visitor questionnaire, photography contest, interviewing new businesses, focus groups, school essay contest, and professional visitation) for identifying and marketing what is unique in a community are discussed. Ends with a case example. Western Rural Development Center. David H. Hogg & Douglas Dunn. 6/82. 10p. Pamphlet.

Socioeconomic Indicators for Small Towns. "This publication. . . provides a step-by-step guide for establishing an on-going local data collection system." Includes four sources of local information (electric hook-ups, school enrollment, sales tax collections, and postal service) and three indicators available from the U.S. Census (population, personal income, and labor force). Sample purchasing survey included. Douglas Dunn & Douglas C. Cox. 8/82. 11p. (including several charts & survey).

To Grow or Not to Grow: Questions About Economic Development. "This publication is designed to help communities decide whether or not further local economic growth is possible and desirable." Consists primarily of a "discussion outline" designed to help identify (1) local interest, (2) local resources, (3) types of growth desired, (4) fiscal effects, and (5) economic effects of potential economic development. Robert O. Coppedge. 6/82. 6p.

Steps to a Successful Town Meeting. Lists the desired outcomes of a town meeting and discusses the steps that must be taken to reach them. The author suggested adding a sample meeting agenda to the document. Kansas State University Extension. David L. Darling, Jr. 5/84. 3p. Pamphlet.

Strategic Planning for Community Viability: A Process, Not a Destination. Examines elements of community strategic planning, including: benefits, requirements, when not to attempt it and the four steps in the strategic planning process (organizing, analyzing, strategizing, and implementing). Includes an excellent model. Auburn University Extension. Patricia Albertson-Zenor. Not dated (at least 1992). 6p. Pamphlet.

The Study Committee and the Community. Discusses the importance of bridging the "gap between the knowledge, thinking, feelings, and enthusiasm of the committee and that of the citizens and appointing body." Provides suggestions on how study committees can gain consensus among citizens. University of Missouri-Columbia Extension. Gerald Gabriel. 5/71. 2p. Pamphlet.

A Team Training Model: A Regional Approach to Changing Economic Conditions. Describes in detail a workshop that helps participants implement the "Team Training Model." Includes three case studies, overall conclusions, and several useful model diagrams. Western Rural Development Center. Lorna Michael Butler and Robert O. Coppedge. 11/86. 10p. Pamphlet.

The Total Development Paradigm - Community, Economic, and Industrial Development for the 21st Century. Compares/contrasts three common community development paradigms: (1) the More Jobs Paradigm, (2) the Diffracted Development Paradigm, and (3) the Total Development Paradigm. Lauds the Total Development Paradigm as the one most likely to tap into the total resources of the community. Includes a diagram/model of each paradigm. University of Arkansas Extension. Mark R. Peterson. 5/90. 7p. Report excerpt.

Twelve Keys to a Successful Strategic Visioning and Action Process. Self-explanatory. U. of Arkansas Extension. Mark Peterson. 7/95. 2p. Pamphlet.

Understanding Your Community's Economy. "Local government leaders across. . . rural America have rediscovered the need to work with private firms and pursue community-based economic development." Discusses "Static Rain Barrel Model" vs. "Dynamic Model" (graphs included) of community economic development. Provides five strategies for (1) earning, (2) capturing, and (3) making dollars to support a community. Kansas State University Extension. David L. Darling, Jr. 5/91. 4p. Pamphlet.

The World Wide Web as a Tool for Rural Economic Development. Briefly explores history of the "information superhighway." Describes several WWW Sites useful for economic development and defines some common WWW terms. Oklahoma State University Extension. Chuck Willoughby, Mike D. Woods, & Daniel Chaney. 1996. 4p. Pamphlet.

Empowering Your Community Through a Shared Vision - An Introduction to Strategic Visioning. This is the first in a series of fact sheets on strategic visioning all drawn from the publication Harnessing the Power of Vision - Ten Steps to Creating a Strategic Vision and Action Plan. This process can be used with a community, a larger area or a single issue, and is driven by community leaders - those of you willing to take responsibility - and your desires, aspirations, and dreams for your community. Outside experts can play a useful role, but only a process driven and owned by the citizens and leaders of your community will succeed. U. of Arkansas Extension. Mark Peterson. 6p. Pamphlet.

Ten Steps - An Overall Community Development Process. Describes an overall community development process with a strategic visioning component. Strategic visioning has unique advantages in its ability to engage the community in visualizing its desired future and working to bring about that future. U. of Arkansas Extension. Mark Peterson. 4p. Pamphlet.

Strategic Vision and Action Plan - Example. Provides an example of the process described in the fact sheet Past, Present, and Future - Creating Your Community's Strategic Vision and Action Plan. U. of Arkansas Extension. Mark Peterson. 6p. Pamphlet.

Past, Present and Future - Creating Your Community's Strategic Vision and Action Plan. Describes a simple but powerful process that honors the past, assesses the present and describes our desired future. The process that follows is an elaboration of Step 4 from the fact sheet Ten Steps - An Overall Community Development Process. U. of Arkansas Extension. Mark Peterson. 6p. Pamphlet.

Strategic Vision and Action Plan Worksheet. This worksheet is a simple fill-in-the-blanks format for developing your strategic vision and action plan. The Overall Process pulls together the results from the overall-planning group, while each Action Team should complete the Action Plan Worksheet. U. of Arkansas Extension. Mark Peterson. 6p. Pamphlet.



Section Five: Multi Community Collaboration (6 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of
Pages. Format.

Building Successful Coalitions. "Coalition building," "networking," and "collaboration" are "examples of words used interchangeably and frequently to describe the need for Extension to work with others to focus and enhance resource application." Provides a hierarchy of seven factors that are critical to the success of a coalition, as well as a coalition evaluation self-survey. Cornell University Extension. Glenn J. Applebee. 8/93. 4p. Pamphlet.

How to Build Coalitions series. Synopses follow. Iowa State University Extension. Jim Meek. 7/92. Pamphlets.

Collaboration. Begins with definitions of Networking, Collaboration, Coalition or Alliance, and Partnership. goes on to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of working through a coalition. 2p.

Facilitator Role. A group facilitator's "walking the tightrope of neutrality, developing trust, and guiding the group toward consensus will go a long way toward having a successful coalition." Discusses facilitator's role and desirable qualities. 1p.

Mobilization. A community is considered mobilized "when citizens take a stand, determine needs, and collaborate; when emerging community leaders are encouraged; and when the efforts for positive change outlast the coalition." Explores strategies for mobilizing communities. 3p.

Turf Issues. Explores "turf-ism" on the organizational level, elements that cause "turf-ism," and to avoid and resolve turf battles. 3p.

Multicommunity Collaboration: A Rural Community Development Strategy. "Multicommunity development organizations attempt to overcome the dual problems of widespread rural travel patterns and fewer development resources by integrating the efforts of nearby rural communities." Categorizes MDOs as "holistic," "efficiency group," or "capturing local dollars group." Examines MDO strategies and variables affecting job creation. Iowa State University Extension. Tomothy O. Borich. 10/93. 4p. Pamphlet.



Section Six: Public Policy and Local Government (10 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of Pages. Format.

Advice Series: Sources. . .on Advisory Groups. Discusses the roles, responsibilities, and functions of advisory groups. Provides suggestions on working with the group effectively. University of California Extension. James I. Grieshop. 8/81. 4p. Newsletter.

How Are Community Decisions Made? The Decision-Making Process. Provides a model of the ten stages in the community decision-making process. Charges community leaders and citizens to "make their concerns known and understand the decision-making process well enough to become a part of it." Cornell University Extension. Alan J. Hahn. Date? 5p. Pamphlet.

Local Government Cutbacks in Hard Times. AA discussion of the methods that local
governments often employ to cope with fiscal crisis, including common cutback action, the problems
and paradoxes of fiscal decline, and considerations for cutback management." Encourages local
leaders to think about effective approaches for developing "revenue-enhancement" or
"cost-containment" strategies in their communities. Western Rural Development Center. George
Goldman & Anthony Nakazawa. 4/87. 4p. Pamphlet.

Local Government Risk Management--It's More Than Just Insurance. Defines "risk management" as identifying and rectifying possible situations with possible negative consequences. Explains the need for risk management, types of risk, steps of risk management, and benefits of risk management. Mississippi State University Extension. Edward G. Cole. 2/91. 2p. Pamphlet.

Make Your Voice Count: Citizen Involvement in Public Policy Decisions. Designed to educate private citizens on providing information, exploring all possible alternatives, and weighing the consequences of public policies. Provides suggestions on testifying at a public hearing, making a presentation, writing to government officials (sample letters included), and exploring public concerns, problems, and issues. Kansas State University Extension. Doris AKatey@ Walker. 6/85. 8p. Pamphlet.

Making Your Views Count on Public Policy Issues. In order to express views on public issues in which some form of governmental action will be taken, the authors suggest that the reader (1)
study the issue, (2) understand the political process, (3) know the policymakers, and (4) develop a
political strategy including: beginning at home, belonging to an organization, letters, telegrams, Faxes,
phone calls, personal visits to lawmakers, working with other interest groups, supporting chosen
candidates, and keeping informed (among other ideas). North Central Regional Extension. Harold D. Guither, Mark A. Edelman, & Carole B. Yoho. 5/91. 10p. Pamphlet.

Municipal Government. Describes briefly the services performed by municipalities. Lists four forms of municipal government and the departments and offices within. Document is specific to Mississippi. Mississippi State University Extension. Larry H. Graves. 3/89. 2p. Pamphlet.

Political Process and Local Government Administration. Specifically explicates forms of local government, duties of county officials, duties of municipal officers, and the local political process. Mississippi State University Extension. Larry H. Graves. 3/89. 2p. Pamphlet.

Public Policy: From Ideas to Action. Aimed at the average citizen, this document encourages people to take action on their ideas which could benefit their community. Describes how to get started, set priorities, form a work group, make an action plan, speak up effectively, and write persuasive letters in order to communicate and implement your ideas. Kansas State University Extension. Katey Walker. 8/92. 4p. Pamphlet.

Public Policy Education: Its Role in Community Change. Discusses issues involved in public policy education. Includes an issue to policy evolution model (visual included) and a collaborative conflict resolution model (visual included). Concludes with an examination of Extension's role in the process. Washington State University Extension. James C. Barron. 4/93. 14p. Pamphlet.



Section Seven: Volunteerism and Teaching Adults (8 Documents)

Contents:
Referenced by: Title. Synopsis. Publishing Institution. Author. Date of Publication. Number of Pages. Format.

ADVICE Series. Synopses follow. University of California Extension. James Grieshop. Newsletter.

On Learning. Provides statistics on learner retention via differing methods of instruction. Includes Dale's cone of Experience placing levels of abstraction into a hierarchical pyramid. 6/89. 2p.

Sources. . . On Volunteers. With Adequate training and support, volunteers are more than willing and able to perform a variety of functions within their organizations. Discusses volunteer training and support needs, importance of benefits for volunteers, and open vs. closed volunteer recruitment. 6/81. 4p.

Two Faces of Risk: Hazard and Outrage. To assess the risk of technologies, scientists may use scientific and technical factors (the hazard dimension), while the public often uses many non-technical factors (the outrage dimension). Discusses the key factors underlying community perception of risk and how to deal with each factor. 89(?) 2p.

Dialectic Debate: Who Will Lead the Parade? An exercise "designed to offer the participants practice in using the creative energy generated by diversity and conflict within an organization through their use of the dialectic debate process." Uses role-play and scenario to develop group decision-making skills. University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension. Lorna Clancy Miller. Undated. 7p. Handout.

Discover Diversity (Teaching Guide). Provides for a group leader specific group activities designed to (1) raise participants' awareness of stereotypes and reduce use of them, and (2) identify how stereotypes start. Summary is inclusive and provides suggestions for applying material to everyday
situations. * Caution: Document is perhaps "beneath" many potential audiences; use accordingly.
Kansas State University Extension. Marilyn B. Corbin & Carol H. Young. Not dated. 4p. Handout.

Teaching as a Volunteer Leader. Explores aspects of teaching and the learning environment as they pertain to adult learners. Lauds direct, hands-on, to-the-point involvement as essential. Kansas State University Extension. M. Gayle Price. 10/90. 2p. Pamphlet.

Teaching Guide for previous document. Explicates group activities for volunteer leaders which reinforce the unique characteristic of adult learners and stress the importance of increased participation. 15p.

Volunteers: Partners in Programming. Promotes the benefits of involving volunteers in the managing of programs. Provides specific recommendations obtained from a survey of forty-five volunteers. North Dakota State University Extension. Marilyn Lesmeister. 9/93. 4p. Pamphlet.



Potential Sources for Publications Listed Above

University of Alaska Fairbanks Extension
University of Arkansas Extension
Auburn University Extension
University of California Extension
Cornell University Extension
University of Georgia Extension
Iowa State University Extension
Kansas State University Extension
Michigan State University Extension
University of Minnesota Extension
Mississippi State University Extension
University of Missouri-Columbia Extension
Montana State University Extension
University of Nebraska Extension
North Central Regional Center for Rural Development
North Dakota State University Extension
Oklahoma State University Extension
University of Tennessee Extension
Texas A&M University Extension
Washington State University Extension
Western Rural Development Center - Oregon State University
University of Wisconsin Extension
University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension

Journal of Extension
The Kellogg Collection